Wednesday, December 24, 2008

The Vegetarian 3 x 3

First, happy holidays to everyone! I hope you enjoy this time with family and friends and remember the non-humans in your life.

At the Great Harvest bread store yesterday (stocking up on the vegan Dakota bread), I began chatting with the clerk. Like many, she says she'd like to get out of the fast food, meat-centric, typical American diet but didn't know how to get started.

The Physicians Committee on Responsible Medicine advises the 3 x 3 method:
  • Think of three vegetarian meals you already enjoy (pasta primavera, vegetable stir fry, vegetable soup)
  • Think of three meals that can easily be made vegetarian (vegie burgers, not hamburgers, bean burritos, not chicken burritos, pasta with marinara sauce instead of meatballs)
  • Try three vegetarian recipes. Clicking on the link will lead you to a site with over 2,000 vegetarian recipes. Search for the term on Google and you'll have over five million hits (in 0.13 seconds)!
It's easier than you think.

Next: Re-educating Your Palate


Wednesday, December 10, 2008

Memorial: Miriam Makeba

Miriam Makeba, the singer and activist known as "Mama Africa", died last month, just after performing a concert in Italy.

You can listen to a few of her songs by clicking on the links in the "Music For Your Ears" box to the right. There are many dances to "Pata Pata", here are some cute girls in a living room and a group of recreational folk dancers. Neither group is doing the choreography I know!

Your Diet's Carbon Footprint

As a long-time vegetarian, I already knew that being vegetarian was part of "living lightly". I knew that:
  • Forests are destroyed to create grazing land for cattle, goats, and sheep.
  • Overgrazing leads to desertification.
  • Grain fed to animals could be fed to hungry humans instead.
  • Grain grown in huge monocropped fields degrades the topsoil.
  • Waste generated when animals are confined in small spaces pollutes waterways.
So I knew, in a general way, that vegetarianism was "good for the planet". Frances Moore Lappe first drew that connection in Diet for a Small Planet, a book I read in 1975 or so.

But now you can get more detail. The Low Carbon Diet Calculator, courtesy of the Bon Appetit Management Company, shows the global warming impact of any meal. The calculator is a snap to use: drag items to a frying pan and watch the gauge in the thermometer shoot up to the red or oranze zones or (more happily) rise just a green zone micro-meter or two. You can see, in animation and in full color, the carbon impact of meat, and, especially, beef.

Say, for example, that you are looking forward to that typical American lunch of cheeseburger and fries. Hmm, a red zone rating of 1,977 CO2e points (the points represent the amount of global warming from greenhouse gases generated by the meal). Substitute a falafal sandwich (you can still have the fries) and the score drops to the green zone, just 422 points. And you don't have to go vegetarian to lower your impact. A hot dog and fries weighs in at 750 points (green zone!), about a third of the cheeseburger score.

Even vegans (who typically win the "most ecological eater" contest) will find that not all meals are created equal. If beef is the villan of carnivores, rice plays that role in the vegan diet. For example, my beloved meal of falafal and rice (virtuously low impact, I thought) gets a warning zone rating of 1,064 points. Substitute oven roasted potatoes, and the calculator's global warming thermometer drops to 384 points. Go for pasta primavera instead, and the calculator barely moves, registering just 180 points.

Nice eye candy for your laptop or desktop. And you can even get the numbers while waiting in line at Taco Bell: text a food item to the site and the site sends back the carbon footprint rating. How cool is that?

Saturday, November 22, 2008

Fast, Filling, and Veggie

I hear people say that they want to be vegetarian (or at least that they want to eat less meat) but they don't know what to make instead.

It's readjusting the way you plan meals. Most people start with the meat ("roast chicken") and fill in from there ("hmm, rice is nice").

Here's an alternative menu that is filling, simple to make, and beautiful on the plate:

Preparing the Plate

A beautiful plate makes the meal more appetizing.
  • Mound the rice on the plate and dig a hole in it.
  • Place the dal in the "rice hole".
  • Arrange the Brussels Sprouts around the rice.
  • Garnish the dal with cilantro, if you wish.

Indian Style Dal
Indian cuisine is filled with lentils and beans, peas and pulses, known generically as "dal" in Hindi. There's no single English word that covers all these different small, round or oblong, nutritious gobbets: garbanzos, red lentils, brown lentils, black beans, black-eyed peas, Great Northern beans, kidney beans, navy beans...and many others I haven't listed.

Gandhi, a proponent of the simple lifestyle, won India's independence from Great Britain while eating meals of "dal chaval" ("dal and rice").

Make this recipe with your favorite dal. You can also mix a few types together, to get nice contrasts in shape, size, and color.

The proportions below are flexible. You can add more chili pepper, more onion, more garlic. Or less, depending on your taste.

1/2 cup of any dal
1 chili pepper, cut in pieces
Canola or other oil
1/4 teaspoon cumin seeds
A quart of an onion, sliced
Two cloves of garlic, minced
1/2 teaspoon salt, or to taste
Lemon juice
Cilantro for garnish (optional)

Put the dal and chili pepper together in a good-sized pot and set on the stove to boil. Boil gently until the dal is soft. Use plenty of water. There should be some water left in the pot after the dal is soft.

While the dal is softening, prepare the onion-spice mix:
  • Add oil to a frying pan and let it heat
  • Add the cumin seeds and wait for them to sputter and turn black
  • Add the onion and garlic
  • Fry until the onion is soft and light brown
While the onion is frying, cut the cilantro, if you will use it for garnish.

When the dal is soft, add the onion-spice mixture
Add salt to taste
Add lemon juice

Sunday, November 9, 2008

What is Proposition 2?

Proposition 2 was a California ballot proposition in the most recent California general election. It passed with 63% of the vote.

The proposition requires that veal calves, chickens, and breeding pigs be housed in cages that allow them to turn around freely, lie down, stand up, and fully extend their limbs. It prohibits use of veal crates, battery cages, and sow gestation crates.

The law doesn't go into effect until January 1, 2015, which means that farmers have over six years to adapt their operations to the new law. In real terms, this means that farmers can continue to use their existing equipment, but should purchase cages that adhere to the new law as the old ones wear out.

Saturday, November 8, 2008

Why clutter the blogosphere?

Why indeed?

Well, why not? When I looked for a blog that covered the vegetarian lifestyle with the breadth and quality I wanted -- I didn't find it. So why not make my own? Why not give you a forum for your comments and thoughts also?